Subacute thyroiditis paranchime heterogeneity may mask thyroid nodules and higher EU-TIRADS scores

Hepsen S., Bostan H., Akhanli P., Sencar M. E., Kizilgul M., Ucan B., ...More

Endocrine, vol.77, no.2, pp.291-296, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 77 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12020-022-03069-w
  • Journal Name: Endocrine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.291-296
  • Keywords: EU-TIRADS, Subacute thyroiditis, Thyroid carcinoma, Thyroid nodule
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.Purpose: Nonhomogenous and ill-defined hypoechoic areas are typical ultrasonographic features of subacute thyroiditis (SAT). Evaluating a thyroid nodule accurately in this heterogeneous paranchime may be troublesome. This study aims to compare thyroid nodules, their characteristics, and European Thyroid Imaging and Reporting Data System (EU-TIRADS) categories at the time of the diagnosis and in the remission of SAT. Methods: Ultrasonographic features of SAT and characteristics and EU-TIRADS categories of thyroid nodules in the initial and control ultrasonography (US) of 350 patients with SAT have been evaluated in this retrospective observational study. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) results and postsurgical data, if performed, have been estimated. Results: A hundred patients (28.6%) with SAT had thyroid nodules at the time of the diagnosis, while 152 (43.4%) patients had a nodule in remission US (p < 0.001). The number of thyroid nodules was found to be higher in the control US as against the initial US (p = 0.001). EU-TIRADS scores of the nodules in the remission US were significantly higher than the scores at the time of the diagnosis (p < 0.001). FNAB was performed in 23% of nodules observed in the remission US, and the rate of thyroid carcinoma within them was 3.3%. Conclusion: Thyroid nodules, malignancy suspected features, and EU-TIRADS categories of them may not be appropriately evaluated due to heterogenous paranchime of SAT. Performing a control US examination after resolution of hypoechoic areas may be beneficial to avoid missing clinically significant nodules with high EU-TIRADS scores.