Is dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis associated with the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndrome?


Ali Ucar M., Tombak A., Dagdas S., Akdeniz A., Ceran F., Neselioglu S., ...More

Journal of Medical Biochemistry, pp.1-10, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/jomb-2019-0050
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Medical Biochemistry
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-10
  • Keywords: disulfide, mercaptan, myelodysplasia, oxidative stress, thiol

Abstract

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston 2019.This study planned to investigate the relationship of dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis with the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). 80 patients who had been diagnosed with MDS between 2012 and 2017 and who were older than 18 were included in the study together with 80 healthy control subjects. The MDS diagnosis was confirmed using bone marrow aspiration-biopsy immunostaining. Dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels were examined. The average IMA (0.71±0.08 vs. 0.67±0.09; p=0.002), median disulfide (18.0 vs. 11.6; p<0.001), median disulfide/native thiol (6 vs. 3; p<0.001), and median disulfide/total thiol (5.4 vs. 2.9; p<0.001) were found higher in the MDS patients compared to control group, and the median hemoglobin, median white blood cell count, median neutrophil count, median lymphocyte count, average native thiol (290.7±48.5 vs. 371.5±103.8; p<0.001), average total thiol (328.2±48.9 vs. 393±105.5; p<0.001), and average native thiol/total thiol (%) (88.3±4.3 vs. 94.2±2.1; p<0.001) were found to be low. Risk factors such as collagen tissue disease (HR:9.17; p=0.005), MDS-EB-1 (HR:10.14; p=0.032), MDS-EB-2 (HR:18.2; p=0.043), and disulfide/native thiol (HR:1.17; p=0.023) were found as the independent predictors anticipating progression to acute myeloid leukemia. In the Cox regression model, risk factors such as age (HR:1.05; p=0.002), MDS-EB-1 (HR:12.58; p<0.001), MDS-EB-2 (HR:5.75; p=0.033), disulfide/native thiol (HR:1.14; p=0.040), and hemoglobin (HR:0.64; p=0.007) were found as predictors anticipating for mortality. We can argue that dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis could have significant effects on both the etiopathogenesis and the survival of patients with MDS, and it could be included in new prognostic scoring systems.