2nd International Women's Congress, Milan, Italy, 9 - 11 May 2018, pp.30-32
Throughout the history women contributed to construction in various aspects. One significant contribution is arguably in post-conflict conditions, especially in post-war cases where women form the majority of population. Similarly, the ongoing war in Syria caused both physical and psychological destruction and majority of the citizens had to leave their homelands. Currently, Turkey is hosting 3,116,156 refugees mainly coming from Syria. Then again, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Syria is about 6,1 million. Recently, some areas close to Turkish borders became secured; and numerous refugees started to go back to live in their country even if it’s not their hometowns. Therefore, an increasing housing demand is approaching, planning this process formerly will give us advantages; such as recovering and reestablishing life sooner and effectively. In this study, we observe the current status and statistics of women refugees pursuing or holding a construction related profession in Turkey in order to discuss their potential contribution to reconstruct their homelands. Turkish education system offers an adequate level of preparation for professional life and students with refugee status can easily enroll to these higher education programs. However, specializing in reconstruction needs further education, furthermore there are challenges they meet while starting and practicing their profession. Finally the potentials of overcoming these obstacles, and the methods to prepare and training the refugee women are presented. Moreover, some guidelines for more efficient education system are suggested, with the possible future studies to activate the role of these women in the future post war reconstruction of Syria.