Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi, vol.51, no.3, pp.163-167, 2023 (ESCI)
Objective: Down syndrome is a genetic syndrome characterized with various dysmorphisms and congenital malformations such as congenital heart diseases. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between Down syndrome, hypothyroidism, and cardiac findings. Methods: Thyroid hormone profiles and echocardiographic findings were evaluated. Patients with hypothyroidism and Down syndrome were named group 1; patients with hypothyroidism without Down syndrome group 2 and group 3 was control. The echocardiographic param- eters (interventricular septum and left ventricular systolic, diastolic posterior wall thickness, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, ejection fraction) were indexed to body surface area. Left ventricular mass index and relative wall thickness were calculated. Patients with relative wall thickness equal to or below 0.42 were classified as eccentric hypertrophy or normal geometry, while those over 0.42 as concentric remodeling or concentric hypertrophy. Results: Thyroid stimulating hormone values of groups 1 and 2 were significantly higher than those of group 3. There were no significant differences for fT4 between the groups. Interventricular septum and left ventricular posterior wall end-diastolic and end-systolic thick- ness were significantly higher in group 1 than groups 2 and 3. There was no statistically sig- nificant difference in left ventricular mass index between groups 1 and 2. In terms of relative wall thickness, 16 out of 29 patients in group 1 were revealed as concentric remodeling, 12 as normal geometry, 1 patient as eccentric hypertrophy. In group 2, 6 patients were revealed as concentric remodeling, 14 as normal geometry. There was no statistically significant difference of left ventricular end-diastolic thickness between 3 groups. Conclusion: Cardiac morphology and functions were significantly affected by hypothyroidism in patients with Down syndrome. Hypertrophy in Down syndrome may be caused by the cel- lular changes in myocardium.