Three Decades of the Board of Higher Education of Turkey: Conflicts, Continuities, and Changes


GÜR B. S. , ÇELİK Z.

International Journal of Educational Reform, vol.25, no.3, pp.299-318, 2016 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/105678791602500305
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Educational Reform
  • Page Numbers: pp.299-318
  • Keywords: higher education, politics of education, the Board of Higher Education, Turkey

Abstract

© 2016 SAGE Publications.This article aims to assess the evolution of the Board of Higher Education of Turkey in relation to these power struggles and domestic political contestations. The evolution of the Board will be examined in five distinct periods: Post-1980 Authoritarian Period (1981–1988), the Period of Fluctuation (1989–1996), the post-February 28th Repressive Period (1997–2002), the Period of Conflict (2003–2007), and the Period of Regularization (2008–present). In the article, the authors argue that any increase in pressure the Board exercised over universities often coincided with an implicit presidential endorsement of the Board as well as weak coalition governments. Universities often adopted to increasingly repressive policies immediately and failed to defend academic freedoms.