Unified performance analysis of orthogonal transmit beamforming methods with user selection

Creative Commons License

Ozyurt S., Torlak M.

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol.12, no.3, pp.1026-1037, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Simultaneous multiuser beamforming in multiantenna downlink channels can entail dirty paper (DP) precoding (optimal and high complexity) or linear precoding (suboptimal and low complexity) approaches. The system performance is typically characterized by the sum capacity with homogenous users with perfect channel state information at the transmitter. The sum capacity performance analysis requires the exact probability distributions of the user signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) or signal-to-interference plus noise ratios (SINRs). The standard techniques from order statistics can be sufficient to obtain the probability distributions of SNRs for DP precoding due to the removal of known interference at the transmitter. Derivation of such probability distributions for linear precoding techniques on the other hand is much more challenging. For example, orthogonal beamforming techniques do not completely cancel the interference at the user locations, thereby requiring the analysis with SINRs. In this paper, we derive the joint probability distributions of the user SINRs for two orthogonal beamforming methods combined with user scheduling: adaptive orthogonal beamforming and orthogonal linear beamforming. We obtain compact and unified solutions for the joint probability distributions of the scheduled users' SINRs. Our analytical results can be applied for similar algorithms and are verified by computer simulations.